Category: III. Olympia

a. Ritual Worship of Pelops and Oinomaos

Pausanias 5.13.1–7; 5.20.6–8 Pelopeion [5.13.1] Within the Altis there is also a sacred enclosure consecrated to Pelops, whom the Eleans as much prefer in honor above the heroes of Olympia as they prefer Zeus over the other gods. To the right of the entrance of the temple of Zeus, on the north side, lies the Pelopium. It is far enough removed from the temple for statues and other offerings to stand in the intervening space, […] more

b. Altar of Olympian Zeus

Pausanias 5.13.8–10; 5.14.1–2 The Altar of Olympian Zeus [5.13.8] The altar of Olympic Zeus is about equally distant from the Pelopium and the sanctuary of Hera, but it is in front of both. Some say that it was built by Idaean Heracles, others by the local heroes two generations later than Heracles. It has been made from the ash of the thighs of the victims sacrificed to Zeus, as is also the altar at Pergamus. […] more

c. Temple of Zeus – Pelops and Heracles

Pausanias 5.10.1–9 The Temple of Olympian Zeus [5.10.1] X. Many are the sights to be seen in Greece, and many are the wonders to be heard; but on nothing does Heaven bestow more care than on the Eleusinian rites and the Olympic games. The sacred grove of Zeus has been called from of old Altis, a corruption of the word “alsos,” which means a grove. Pindar19 too calls the place Altis in an ode composed […] more

d. Statue of Olympian Zeus

Pausanias 5.11.1–10 The Statue of Olympian Zeus [5.11.1] XI. The god sits on a throne, and he is made of gold and ivory. On his head lies a garland which is a copy of olive shoots. In his right hand he carries a Victory, which, like the statue, is of ivory and gold; she wears a ribbon and – on her head – a garland. In the left hand of the god is a scepter, […] more

e. Temple of Hera and Heraia Games

Pausanias 5.16.1–5.17.4 Temple of Olympian Hera [5.16.1] XVI. It remains after this for me to describe the temple of Hera and the noteworthy objects contained in it. The Elean account says that it was the people of Scillus, one of the cities in Triphylia, who built the temple about eight years after Oxylus came to the throne of Elis. The style of the temple is Doric, and pillars stand all round it. In the rear […] more

f. Stadiums

Pausanias 6.20.8–19 [6.20.8] At the end of the statues which they made from the fines levied on athletes, there is the entrance called the Hidden Entrance. Through it umpires and competitors are wont to enter the stadium. Now the stadium is an embankment of earth, and on it is a seat for the presidents of the games. Opposite the umpires is an altar of white marble; [6.20.9] seated on this altar a woman looks on […] more