Category: V. Greek Heroes

a. Oebotas of Dyme – 8th c.

Pausanias 6.3.8 The statue of Oebotas was set up by the Achaeans by the command of the Delphic Apollo in the eightieth Olympiad, but Oebotas won his victory in the footrace at the sixth Festival. How, therefore, could Oebotas have taken part in the Greek victory at Plataea? For it was in the seventy-fifth Olympiad that the Persians under Mardonius suffered their disaster at Plataea. Now I am obliged to report the statements made by […] more

b. Hipposthenes of Sparta – 7th c.

Pausanias 3.15.7 Near is a temple of Hipposthenes, who won so many victories in wrestling. They worship Hipposthenes in accordance with an oracle, paying him honors as to Poseidon.   Pausanias 3.13.9 On the road to the right of the hill is a statue of Hetoemocles. Both Hetoemocles himself and his father Hipposthenes won Olympic victories for wrestling the two together won eleven, but Hipposthenes succeeded in beating his son by one victory.   [[should […] more

c. Milo of Kroton (not heroized) – 6th c.

 Pausanias 6.14.5–8 [6.14.5] The statue of Milo the son of Diotimus was made by Dameas, also a native of Crotona. Milo won six victories for wrestling at Olympia, one of them among the boys; at Pytho he won six among the men and one among the boys. He came to Olympia to wrestle for the seventh time, but did not succeed in mastering Timasitheus, a fellow-citizen who was also a young man, and who refused, moreover, […] more

d. Glaukos of Karystos – 6th c.

Pausanias 6.10.1–3 Next to those that I have enumerated stands Glaucus of Carystus. Legend has it that he was by birth from Anthedon in Boeotia, being descended from Glaucus the sea-deity. This Carystian was a son of Demylus, and they say that to begin with he worked as a farmer. The ploughshare one day fell out of the plough, and he fitted it into its place, using his hand as a hammer; [6.10.2] Demylus happened […] more

e. Kleomedes of Astypalaia – Early 5th c.

Pausanias 6.9.6–8 [6.9.6] It is said that Cleomedes of Astypalaea killed Iccus of Epidaurus during a boxing-match. On being convicted by the umpires of foul play and being deprived of the prize he became mad through grief and returned to Astypalaea. Attacking a school there of about sixty children he pulled down the pillar which held up the roof. [6.9.7] This fell upon the children, and Cleomedes, pelted with stones by the citizens, took refuge […] more

f. Diagoras of Rhodes (and family) – 5th c.

 Pindar Olympian 7 (translation from For Diagoras of Rhodes Boxing-Match 464 B. C. As when someone takes a goblet, all golden, the most prized of his possessions, foaming with the dew of the vine from a generous hand, and makes a gift of it to his young son-in-law, welcoming him with a toast from one home to another, [5] honoring the grace of the symposium and the new  marriage-bond, and thereby, in the presence […] more

g. Theagenes of Thasos – 5th c.

Pausanias 6.11.2–9 [6.11.2] Not far from the kings mentioned stands a Thasian, Theagenes the son of Timosthenes. The Thasians say that Timosthenes was not the father of Theagenes, but a priest of the Thasian Heracles, a phantom of whom in the likeness of Timosthenes had intercourse with the mother of Theagenes. In his ninth year, they say, as he was going home from school, he was attracted by a bronze image of some god or […] more

h. Poulydamas of Skotousa – 5th c.

Pausanias 6.5.1–6.5.9 [6.5.1] V. The statue on the high pedestal is the work of Lysippus, and it represents the tallest of all men except those called heroes and any other mortal race that may have existed before the heroes. But this man, Pulydamas the son of Nicias, is the tallest of our own era. [6.5.2] Scotussa, the native city of Pulydamas, has now no inhabitants, for Alexander the tyrant of Pherae seized it in time […] more

i. Hieron of Syracuse (not heroized)

Pindar, Olympian 1 – Pelops Foundation Myth For Hieron of Syracuse Single Horse Race 476 B. C. (Translation has been taken from the Perseus Digital Library) Water is best, and gold, like a blazing fire in the night, stands out supreme of all lordly wealth. But if, my heart, you wish to sing of contests, [5] look no further for any star warmer than the sun, shining by day through the lonely sky, and let us not proclaim […] more